Master studies are postgraduate programs which are offered at universities and colleges across Europe. There are few thousands of academic and research master programs offered at official European languages and besides that there is a significant number of programs in English language.
Master studies in Europe represent the second cycle of higher education according to the Bologna Declaration and in general these programs last 1 to 2 years and are worth 60 to 120 ECTS. In certain European countries research master programs could last up to 4 years.
Master programs are generally closely more specialized than Bachelor studies and their focus is improving knowledge and skills in specific scientific disciplines. These studies include theoretical lectures, academic writing, and research as well as writing and defending and independent master thesis. Certain programs include practical training within the industry. Most common qualifications at the level of master studies are MA (Master of Arts), MSc (Master of Science), MRes (Master of Research), and apart from that more specific qualifications such as MBA, MEng, MPhil etc.
Tuition fees for master studies depend on the country, location, institution, study field, and program as well as on the students’ nationality. Tuition fees for nationals of EU, EEA and Switzerland are lower and start from 1.000 EUR annually. Tuition fees for international students generally range from 2.000 up to 20.000 EUR per year. Public institutions around Europe are significantly more affordable than private institutions and in some countries public institutions charge only administrative costs, while tuition is free.